Manifesto for 2016

As the Chief Executive Officer of the NEPAD, I would like to wish you a very happy new year. Across the African continent, my prayers and my thoughts are with you. This year presents many challenges to Africa, and promises to be quite busy with numerous presidential elections. In Burkina Faso and Nigeria, people are now experimenting political change through the ballot. The presidential and legislative elections in these countries have caused tremendous enthusiasm. They represent hope for the African people who are conscious of their rights, but also a serious warning for those who would think of violating them.

However, this must not make us forget the situation in other countries, such as in Burundi, which is facing a serious crisis that will not be without consequences on a number of levels. To all those who are suffering, I extend my heartfelt wishes for peace. I hope that year 2016 will see the end of the crisis in Bujumbura and the advent of a new era. In other countries, the future relies on the many presidential elections that the continent will host this year: in Benin, Niger, Ghana, Cape Verde, Guinea-Bissau, Chad, the Central African Republic, Equatorial Guinea, Sao Tome and Principe, Congo Brazzaville, DRC, Gabon, Zambia, Uganda, Djibouti and the Comoros. Many elections and various issues, however that should not hide a very important pan African reality: the challenges in Africa are extremely various and highly complicated (human, social, economic challenges, etc …) and the African miracle will not happen by itself. Economic growth is bound to slow and there are numerous turbulences ahead. Here are a few:

– China, which accounts for 30% of global growth, is in the process of rebalancing its economy. This is not without consequences for the continent: the country is a major consumer of raw materials from vulnerable African countries (Sierra Leone, Zambia …). It is also feared that Chinese financial flows to Africa might decrease. How Africa will manage this downturn is now one of the main questions our continent is facing.

– The end of the commodity super cycle is also likely to weigh on growth. The drop in oil prices and other raw materials dries up a major source of revenue and puts a strain on the budgets of many states.

– The sustainability of African debt is also in question: in 10 years time, the continent has raised $ 36 billion. But according to Standard and Poor’s, debt repayment services (which already constitute a major component of the budgets of African states) could increase significantly, mainly because of monetary tightening initiated by the FED and because of the low price of commodities. This will lead states to make tough choices, from the amputation of certain infrastructure investments to the postponement of social services. I make the wish that the necessary budgetary rigor will not impact expenses which are vital for the future of African countries: for example, infrastructure investments are profitable and help diversify the economy. Also, the education sector should not suffer from this: African younger generations need to be trained to ensure the continent’s future. I invite current and future leaders to manage their budgets responsibly.

African governments will therefore have to steel themselves to diversify their financial resources and to reclaim industrial development policies. I will address this subject here in another article this month. Also, throughout the month of January, I will discuss other issues related to the challenges that will face the continent such as the agricultural challenge, the fight against terrorism or the importance of debt sustainability.

For now, I would like to address future leaders: the future of our continent and its people is in your hands. Beyond your accession to power, despite the challenges and temptations, my wish for 2016 and for the years to come is that you always keep in mind that not only your people but Africa and the wider world are counting on you.

Published by

75 thoughts on “Manifesto for 2016

  1. I simply want to say I am all new to blogging and seriously enjoyed your web blog. Almost certainly I’m planning to bookmark your website . You actually have impressive well written articles. Thank you for sharing your web site.

  2. What do you like doing in your spare time? works better viagra cialis levitra In the first of the attacks listed in the 25-count indictment, prosecutors say he tried to get a woman into his car Sept. 15, 2004, in an effort to kidnap and rape her, but she fought him off and escaped. DNA taken from the scene allegedly connected him to a later attack.

  3. I’ve just graduated can i take half a viagra tablet He added: “It is promising news that Cuadrilla has taken wildlife into account in this case, but in the long term there must be a statutory obligation of drilling firms to assess the impact any proposal will have on birds and other species.”

  4. Is this a temporary or permanent position? green viagra “I received a lot of different ideas over the course of this deadline, most of which wouldn’t work,” Cashman said. “Some had initial traction, and over time, over the course of the discussions, we didn’t get anything to lead us to a deal. That’s the bottom line. We certainly explored it enough. (Alfonso) Soriano was the big bat we got and after that, were not able to push through anything else.

  5. A few months what is viagra made of wiki McGrady said the rules set a low bar for justification,requiring only “a rational relationship” between the policy andits objective, and the WTO did not expect explicit proof thatplain packaging would improve public health, partly because theresults would not be known for years.

  6. Just over two years red pill like viagra “I have so many favorites, but the first thing that comes to mind right now is the infamous dinner scene with Mr. and Mrs. White,” Paul wrote. “I think the glass of water became Jesse's security blanket in a way, and I love that about that scene. But there's been so many fun scenes to shoot. Anytime I, as Jesse Pinkman, can release my pent-up anger toward Walt is always a good time. So the time that Jesse shows up to Walt's house thinking that Walt poisoned Brock, and he puts a gun to his head … That was a lot of fun.”

  7. I live in London viagra giant pharmacy “I would like to clarify the comments that I made on Twitter 17th September as they were an instant reaction to an issue which I feel strongly about, namely the integrity of my sport,” O’Sullivan said.

  8. Could I have , please? viagra cialis levitra sample pack “There is also U.S. reporting season kicking off. If theearnings numbers aren’t good, even if the debt ceiling stuff isresolved, the market could come back a bit,” said Peter Esho,chief market analyst at Invast Financial Services.

  9. Where did you go to university? does male viagra work on females The problem goes back to 1985, when “Racal Vodafone” (as it was known in those days) and Cellnet were allocated bands at 900MHz in which to run competing mobile networks based on GSM technology. They were joined by Orange and Mercury (remember them?), which were given bands at 1800MHz in 1990, with Vodafone and Cellnet getting small slices of 1800MHz too.

  10. How would you like the money? pfizer viagra 100mg sale He was speaking at a news conference in the White Housewhere he announced plans to increase oversight of governmentcollection of Internet and phone data. (Reporting by Alistair Bell; Editing by Eric Walsh)

  11. How many days will it take for the cheque to clear? can you buy viagra over the counter in the uk They only narrowly beat what is already out there on offer from lenders who are not benefiting from the Help to Buy subsidy. Leeds Building Society for instance offers a 5.39pc five-year fix which undercuts RBS’s equivalent rate – although there is a £999 fee. Yorkshire Bank offers a two-year fix at 5.49pc, with no fee.

  12. Where’s the postbox? viagra ersatzmittel In a 1997 indictment, Ponzo and Vincent Marino are named as the triggermen who shot at Salemme as he walked into an IHOP in Saugus, north of Boston. Ponzo was among 15 people indicted by a grand jury investigating organized crime.

  13. Yes, I play the guitar what would viagra do if a woman took it Once Louise was in the theatre, two surprisingly large gobbets of skin and stuff behind it soon lay on a big stainless-steel dish, like St Agatha’s two severed breasts held up on a platter by the saint in the painting by Piero della Francesca – only much larger. On one, the unwanted bunny looked out with what seemed to be a resentful air. It had been part of Louise’s life for 10 years.

  14. I like it a lot first visit to doctor for viagra Yet even as New York’s knowledge economy booms, it has a steep cost of entry. The many dropouts and even a good number of the graduates of its public schools are closed out of it; many of the people who formerly had high-paying, secure, union-protected work in manufacturing are left out, too.

  15. Cool site goodluck 🙂 yellow viagra pills Glasgow is the only Scottish airport chosen by Thomson Airways to operate the Boeing 787 Dreamliner aircraft, which will take holidaymakers on weekly flights to Cancun in Mexico, and Sanford in Florida.

  16. It’s a bad line cheap 50 mg viagra online What's more, tartan ticks all the boxes in terms of on-trend style this season, and far from its traditional heritage, plaid has been given something of a punk twist by designers like Alexander McQueen and Vivienne Westwood. Queen Cara Delevingne only recently wore a top-to-toe tartan trouser suit, and we trust her totally.

  17. Have you got a current driving licence? reliable viagra online canada McDonough was assigned to give a “heads-up on the hillside” for the team on that fateful afternoon, said Prescott Fire Department spokesman Wade Ward. He notified the crew of the rapidly changing weather conditions that sent winds swirling erratically and caused the fire to cut off his team’s escape route, then swiftly left his post for safety.

  18. I don’t like pubs viagra prescription only australia WASHINGTON —The U.S. Senate reached a loose bipartisan agreement Tuesday to avert Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid’s plan to invoke the “nuclear option” to make it easier for the chamber to approve presidential executive branch nominees.

  19. How many weeks’ holiday a year are there? overnight viagra us pharmacy Some 3,000 business aircraft will fill Brazil’s skies during the tournament, according to the Dubai-based United Aviation Services (UAS), which books charter flights with over 500 private jet operators globally. Privately chartered airliners make up less than 5 percent of that estimate.

  20. We used to work together cual es mejor viagra levitra cialis If the thought of standing outside a shop for hours isn’t bad enough, it’s worsened by the usual talk of stock shortages, except this year it’s not just bluster. According to AllThingsD, the situation is really bad, with one U.S. carrier saying stock levels are, “Grotesquely low.” 

  21. I have my own business buy indian viagra online Pierre Sprey, who began working in the Pentagon in the 1960s as one of Robert McNamara’s “whiz kids” and spent decades helping design and test two of the airplanes the F-35 is supposed to replace (the A-10 and F-16), contends that, even if designers can deal with latency and jitter, the resolution of the video is “fatally inferior” compared with the human eye when it comes to confronting enemy aircraft. “Right from the start, they should have known there would be a huge computation problem and a huge resolution problem,” says Sprey. “Why do drones shoot up wedding parties in Afghanistan? Because the resolution is so poor. That was knowable before the helmet was built.” The helmet-mounted display, says Sprey, is “a total fuckup from start to finish.”

  22. I’d like to send this parcel to viagra online where Facing strong capital outflows as investors pulled out their funds, India and Indonesia were compelled to raise interest rates at the expense of economic growth to defend their currencies. New Delhi limited gold imports and cut spending to reduce the country’s current account deficit.

  23. Your cash is being counted online viagra medicines Our Classified websites (Photos, Motors, Jobs and Property Today) use cookies to ensure you get the correct local newspaper branding and content when you visit them. These cookies store no personally identifiable information.

  24. What do you study? safest site to buy generic viagra Yet despite being on Italy’s most wanted list, it emerged on Thursday as Mr Rancadore appeared at Westminster Magistrates’ Court for an extradition hearing that he could walk free as early as Friday because of problems with his arrest warrant.

  25. I sing in a choir when will there be a generic viagra The interview took place over three sessions in August in his simple quarters in a Vatican guest house where he has lived since his election instead of the spacious papal apartments, and was released simultaneously by Jesuit journals around the world.

  26. Could you transfer $1000 from my current account to my deposit account? how can i buy viagra without seeing a doctor Neither Sterling nor Risen have confirmed publicly that Sterling was a source for the book. Because Risen has been granted immunity for his testimony, he cannot invoke the Fifth Amendment to decline to testify, Traxler wrote.

  27. I’ll put her on how long does it take for viagra works 29. The 40th anniversary is being celebrated with a month-long calendar of events throughout October, including a large concert on 27th October with performances by the Sydney Symphony Orchestra, Opera Australia and Sydney Philharmonia Choirs.

  28. Why did you come to ? cost of 100 mg viagra pills For the chosen few inside the TED hall, Papandreou also inadvertently served as a physical reminder of how bitterly felt the rage is among some of the masses on the outside. Gray, rainy Scotland is a long way from Greece, but even here, Papandreou was greeted by protesters incensed at the pain his austerity measures imposed on his country. The city’s gracious, granite streets were plastered with posters calling on Papandreou to go home and attack austerity across Europe.

  29. I wanted to live abroad generic viagras “I think the frustration is being felt now by the international community because they find that the Security Council is completely paralyzed. It does not respond in time to various crises,” Mukerji said. He said the council is unrepresentative and so can’t carry out its mandate in maintaining international peace and security.

  30. I never went to university best place to buy viagra online uk 2013 “If you lose then you must surrender to those who have won. If you win, those who have lost must also surrender to you. And this is it, we will do so yes, comply with the rules,” promised President Robert Mugabe.

  31. One moment, please can i take viagra with high blood pressure Federal prosecutors who brought charges against Epstein, 68, on Thursday said they have the Brooklyn rabbi on tape bragging he has forced “gets” every year or so for some 30 years, even zapping hardheaded husbands with a cattle prod if they relented.

  32. Stolen credit card can you buy viagra australia Besides allowing emerging growth companies to quietlynavigate the IPO process, the bill also opened the door forhedge funds to advertise private securities deals and allowedfor crowdfunding, a capital-raising strategy that lets investorstake small stakes in private start-ups over the Internet.

  33. Could you give me some smaller notes? can i take viagra and cialis in the same day But the customer growth came at the cost of heavy spending on marketing, which weighed on its financial results. Its parent company, Deutsche Telekom AG, which owns 74 percent of T-Mobile US, said it would plow more money into the No. 4 U.S. mobile provider to help it continue to grow.

  34. Who would I report to? kamagra vs cialis vs viagra The Taliban commander also criticized the U.N. honoring Malala as he said the world ignores civilians being killed in U.S. drone attacks in Pakistan’s northwest. The U.N. is currently conducting an investigation into allegations of civilian casualties from U.S. drone attacks.

  35. Some First Class stamps porn viagra “People don’t trust them, and they feel that their agenda is not Egyptian,” said Mohamed Abolghar, head of the Egyptian Social Democratic Party. He fears “terrorism inside Egypt, not necessarily created by the Muslim Brotherhood, but encouraged by the Muslim Brotherhood, by their splinter movements.”

  36. We’d like to offer you the job viagra finland Credit Suisse shares, which have climbed 13 percent in the last three weeks on expectations of a strong investment banking performance, were down 3.2 percent at 1448 GMT, the biggest faller among European banks .SX7P.

  37. International directory enquiries what is the maximum dose of viagra that is safe To this day, the 2000 presidential contest still sparks emotional debate and heated discussions for its controversial ending. For me, if there is one indelible image seared on my brain, it’s the photo of the Florida election official, with his magnifying glass, trying to determine the intent of a chad – hanging or not. In that election, the power and impact of a single vote was demonstrated in a profound and historical manner.  

  38. Have you read any good books lately? buy real viagra online The 31-year-old said: “I’ve had some good results over the years. Probably the best was with Shamrock Rovers when we played an Israeli team and drew 1-1 at home. The draw was made before the second leg and the winners came out against Juventus.

  39. Withdraw cash viagra capsule price The defence group said the deadlock – as well as production problems at its decoy-making plant in Tennessee – were likely to lower its operating profits by £8m. The news sent shares in the company tumbling by 64.4p – nearly 23 per cent – to 220p despite it also winning a “significant” contract in the Middle East.

  40. I don’t know what I want to do after university how to get viagra off your doctor “They created this big giant puka behind the firewall,” he said using the Hawaiian word for hole. “I was actually seeing financial transactions go by. If a black hat decided to take advantage of that, they could wreak havoc.”

  41. A pension scheme brand viagra echeck The group’s singer, guitarist and songwriter Allison Crutchfield first formed a band with her twin sister Katie – who has also been critically acclaimed for her current solo project, Waxahatchee – when the pair were only 14. They moved to New York a few years later, where they were influenced by both feminism and the city’s punk scene. “Growing up in the South [in Birmingham, Alabama] we were both very naive,” 24-year-old Crutchfield says. “When we moved we realised there were a lot of amazing people talking about feminist issues. It’s definitely something that’s still alive, especially in New York.” After the twins’ pop-punk group P.S. Eliot disbanded in 2011, Crutchfield decamped to Philadelphia to form a new band, taking fellow P.S. Eliot singer/guitarist Kyle Gilbride with her. The pair invited bassist Keith Spencer, who they had also toured with, to join before completing the line-up with drummer Jeff Bolt.

  42. I’m self-employed where to buy viagra cream Don't assume you are anonymous when searching for information on sensitive health topics online, experts say. To avoid being tracked and having your information shared with marketers and other third parties, stick to U.S. government websites.

  43. Whereabouts are you from? viagra rx’s ru trial 2 In its first major effort to appease consumers, Goldman offered on Wednesday to immediately swap aluminum for any end-users holding metal at its Metro International warehouses, allowing them to avoid year-long waits and high premiums. It also refuted the notion that it was causing a shortage of metal, saying none of its customers had yet taken up the offer.

  44. We’d like to invite you for an interview difference viagra cialis pills “My girl, she ain’t the one that I saw coming/ Sometimes I don’t know which way to go/ And I tried to run before but I’m not running anymore/ Cuz I fought against it hard enough to know/ That you love who you love who you love,” John sings.

  45. I’d like to pay this cheque in, please canadian drugs viagra The views expressed in the following comments are not those of PharmaTimes or any connected third party and belong specifically to the individual who made that comment. We accept no liability for the comments made and always advise users to exercise caution.

  46. Will I get paid for overtime? dispensing viagra “(Home Secretary) Theresa May gets far more grief from Conservative colleagues about the issue of impediments to economic immigration than she does about defects in the immigration system in terms of keeping people out.”

  47. I’d like to tell you about a change of address who is best place to get online viagra Snowden is seeking refuge in Latin America after leaking details of U.S. government surveillance programs, but has not risked taking any flight that might be intercepted by the United States. He flew into Moscow from Hong Kong on June 23.

  48. Is this a temporary or permanent position? healthy male viagra for cheap Long-term public sector contracts can be a double-edged sword, however. May Gurney is tied into delivering a certain level of service to its customers. If the service is maintained using the efficiency of a larger group, profits increase. However, if the service drops, it can eat up more and more time, money and staff to put right.

  49. I’m a trainee pfizer viagra fda The driver and nine passengers of a tour bus on its way to a casino in northern San Diego County were taken to a local hospital Sunday night after the bus careened off the road and crashed into trees, the California Highway Patrol said.

  50. Can I call you back? how fast do viagra pills work One of the only invasive species human consumption may be denting is the lionfish. The spiny creatures have invaded reefs in the Caribbean, southern Atlantic and Gulf of Mexico. They are prolific breeders, producing 30,000 eggs per spawn and spawning up to three times a month. Their venomous spines make them unattractive to predators.

  51. What company are you calling from? viagra drug price “It is quite obvious that the Chinese shipbuilding industryis in a painful transition phase towards an industry that willcontinue to shrink and the ambitions and goals presented a fewyears ago will never be fulfilled,” said Svenning of Fearnleys.

  52. I’m interested in this position should i take the whole viagra pill * Brazilian oil producer OGX Petróleo e Gas Participações SA is meeting with U.S. creditors in New York on Mondayin a bid to jump-start rescue talks while banks scamper toarrange an emergency loan for the company if no deal is reached,sources with knowledge of the situation told Reuters.

  53. Would you like a receipt? revatio vs viagra dosage Tejada’s suspension is one of the longest non-lifetime bans in baseball history. Along with Rodriguez’s suspension, Pascual Perez was banned for the 1992 season for a positive cocaine test and Dwight Gooden barred for the ’95 season for violating his drug after-care program.

  54. How many would you like? taking cialis and viagra on the same day The total cost of the yard is estimated at $400 million.Subsequent phases would enable it to repair semisubmersibles anddrillships, take on conversion of FPSO (floating production,storage and offloading) and FLNG (floating liquefied naturalgas) projects, as well as to build other offshore structures.

  55. I’m in a band best place to buy viagra online 2014 “We’re moms here who are just trying to protect our children,” said Berry. “These are little innocent children who didn’t ask to be celebrities. They didn’t ask to be thrown into this game and they don’t have the wherewithal to process what’s happening. We don’t have a law in place to protect them from this.”

  56. Have you got a current driving licence? does 100 mg viagra work better than 50 mg “We’re going to need a huge push, a surge in awareness that builds momentum to carry us over the line,” he wrote. “No one here is giving up while the goal remains achievable, and you’ve all gone out of your way to add your voice to the chorus. So I’m writing to ask you to take to the Twitterverse and other social networks to encourage like-minded types to join you, and me, and companies large and small, in backing the Ubuntu Edge.”

  57. Sorry, I ran out of credit how long after food should i take viagra Even before the U.N. address, Asian diplomats were raising concerns that U.S. budget cuts and Secretary of State John Kerry’s increased focus on Syria and reviving Israeli-Palestinian peace talks are undercutting Obama’s first term push for a rebalance to Asia, said Michael Green, who served as an Asia adviser in the George W. Bush administration.

  58. Is there ? when do you take your viagra Beyoncé has shook, shimmied and sashayed across the stage of her Mrs Carter tour in a blaze of sparkly glory thanks to some stunning custom numbers from designers like The Blonds, Givenchy and Emilio Pucci.

  59. We need someone with experience healthy male viagra reviews “Ender’s Game is set more than a century in the future and has nothing to do with political issues that did not exist when the book was written in 1984,” Card said in the statement to the pop culture magazine.

  60. I live in London rxmeds hub order viagra super active online Based on a then-scandalous 1927 novel, this gorgeous film of well-manicured gardens and high-thread-count bedrooms details a marriage of convenience gone awry. Young Thérèse (Tautou) weds older landed gentry Bernard (Gilles Lellouche), and their joined fortunes — and the grounds they afford — become among the largest in France. Only after Bernard enlists Thérèse to break up his sister’s affair with a handsome undesirable does Thérèse realize her own arrangement spikes any chance at happiness.

  61. Have you read any good books lately? viagra.com price Some of the nation’s top doctors and other area leaders who were in town for a symposium on valley fever also were in the restaurant. Johnson is the chief of infectious diseases at the Kern Medical Center in Bakersfied. Larwood is a Kern Community College District board trustee.

  62. I’m on holiday does viagra work for young men “Mark is on another team now at this point and I think internally as a defense corps we have to especially try to pick those minutes up,” Hamonic said. “Collectively, as a group on the ice and on the bench, we have to try to do a better job of locking things up when we have a lead. It seemed like last year too many games got away from us that we should have won or were winning and we let those ones slip.”

  63. I never went to university alchemist viagra “These programs are controversial. We understand that. They are very sensitive, but they are also very important because they are what allow us to have the ability to gather this chatter that I referred to,” said Mr. Chambliss, Georgia Republican. “If we did not have these programs, then we simply wouldn’t be able to listen in on the bad guys.”

  64. What part of do you come from? buy viagra in melbourne paypal “This year, the most activist Supreme Court in the history of the United States and radical factions of gun owners, gun manufacturers, and marijuana users are challenging the very fabric of the nation…”

  65. Is it possible to register a domain name and start web site through Microsoft Small Business in UAE ?.. If it is not possible through Microsoft small business, please advise me the best website to create a new website which can operate from UAE..

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published.